fitness basics

"The greatest wealth is health." ~ Virgil

COMPONENTS OF FITNESS

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Cardio-Respiratory Efficiency – the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to tissues, and removal of waste byproducts.

Muscular Strength – the ability of a muscle or groups of muscles to exert force against resistance.

Muscular Endurance – the ability of a muscle, or a group of muscles, to sustain repeated contractions or to continue applying force against a fixed object.

Flexibility – the ability to move joints and use muscles through their full range of motion.

Body Composition – the makeup of the body in terms of lean mass (muscle, bone, vital tissue and organs) and fat mass.

Balance – the ability to maintain bodily equilibrium.

Postural Alignment – establishing and maintaining neutral alignment of the spine and extremities through core control and muscle balance.

KEY BENEFITS OF EXERCISE AND WORKING WITH A CERTIFIED PERSONAL TRAINER

weight02A personalized exercise regimen – customized to meet the client’s goals, fitness level and medical considerations.

Health Maintenance – significant benefits from exercise can be gained in the areas of coronary heart disease, hypertension, osteoporosis, obesity and stress management.

Minimizing the Risk of Injury – personal trainers show clients how to get the most out of exercise without putting their joints and other body parts at risk.

Motivation – trainers encourage clients to adapt healthier lifestyles through knowledge and understanding of individual needs.

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TYPES OF EXERCISE

Aerobic (cardio-respiratory and cardiovascular).  Any non-stop, sustained activity using large muscle groups (especially legs) is considered aerobic exercise.

Resistance (weight/strength training).  Using muscle to exert force against resistance will increase muscle size, endurance and the body’s energy (calorie) expenditure.

Flexibility (stretching/myofascial release).  Stretching and releasing tight muscles can help prevent injuries and assist in achieving proper muscle activation.

Core Control (torso strength).  Core strength is essential to maintain postural alignment, proper muscle activation and to optimize the benefits and safety of any exercise.

Balance.  Muscular balance and core control are necessary to train the body to right itself when the body’s center of gravity is challenged.